Risk Groups: Bacteria

BL indicates the Biosafety Level; RG indicates the Risk Group

        BL RG RG RG RG RG    
ID.gif (145 bytes) genus.gif (295 bytes) species.gif (321 bytes) Comments.gif (332 bytes) bmbl.gif (350 bytes) NIH.gif (333 bytes) lcdc.gif (385 bytes) eu.gif (263 bytes) Belgium.gif (442 bytes) Australia.gif (336 bytes) HP.gif (151 bytes) AP.gif (151 bytes)
1 Acinetobacter   was Herellea vaginicola, A. calcoaceticus ssp.anitratus
2


2 implied +  
2 Acinetobacter lwoffi formerly Mima polymorpha




2 implied +  
3 Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomiana genus Hemophilus
2 implied implied 2
2 implied +  
4 Actinobacillus spp EC-Haemophilus actinomycetem comitans
2 2 see 1 spp listed
2 +  
5 Actinomadura madurae



2 2
+  
6 Actinomadura pelletieri



2 2
+  
7 Actinomyces bovis




2 2 implied   +
8 Actinomyces gerencseriae



2 2 2 implied +  
9 Actinomyces israelii



2 2 2 implied +  
10 Actinomyces naeslundii





2 implied    
11 Actinomyces pyogenes was Corynebacterium
2 2 ( as Coryne-
bacterium)
2 2 2 implied + +
12 Actinomyces spp



2 2 2 + +
13 Aeromonas hydrophilia

2

2 2 implied + +
14 Aeromonas punctata





2 implied    
15 Aeromonas spp.





2 +  
16 Afpia spp






2    
17 Amycolata autotrophica

2



+  
18 Arachnia propionica was Propionibacterium propionicum





+  
19 Arcanobacterium haemolyticum was Corynebacterium
2 2 (as Coryne-
bacterium)
2 2 2 +  
20 Archanobacterium equi was Corynebacterium


2 implied

+  
21 Arizona hinshawii all serotypes
2 2 (see
Salmonella enterica)



+  
22 Bacillus anthracis
2/3 2 3 3 3 3 + +
23 Bacillus cereus


2
2 2 + +
24 Bacillus thuringiensis




2
  +
25 Bacteroides fragilis



2 2 2 implied + +
26 Bacteroides spp



see 1 spp listed 2 2 + +
27 Bartonella bacilliformis


2 2 3 2 implied +  
28 Bartonella elizabethae


2


+  
29 Bartonella spp.

see species listed see spp listed see 1 spp listed
2 +  
30 Bartonella henselae was genus Rochalimaea
2 2
2 2 implied +  
31 Bartonella quintana was genus Rochalimaea 2 2 2 2 as Rochlimea 2 2 implied +  
32 Bartonella vinsonii was genus Rochalimaea 2 2


2 implied +  
33 Bordetella all spp
See 1 sp 2 3 sp listed 3 species listed
2 +  
34 Bordetella bronchiseptica

2 implied 2 2 2 human 3 animal 2 implied + +
35 Bordetella parapertussis

2 implied 2 2 2 2 implied +  
36 Bordetella pertussis
2 2 2 2, V 2 2 implied +  
37 Borrelia burgdorferi

2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
38 Borrelia duttoni



2 2 2 implied +  
39 Borrelia recurrentis

2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
40 Borrelia spp

see species listed see 2 sp listed 2 2 2 + +
41 Borrelia vincenti


2

2 implied    
42 Brucella abortus
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied + +
43 Brucella canis
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied + +
44 Brucella melitensis
3 (USDA restricted) 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied + +
45 Brucella ovis

3 implied 3 implied 3 implied 3 2 + +
46 Brucella spp except B. ovis 3 3 3 see spp
3 + +
47 Brucella suis
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 + +
48 Burkholderia spp Australia, EU still as Pseudomonas spp. see sp 2, unless listed at 3 see 2 spp listed see spp see sp 2 implied + +
49 Burkholderia mallei was Pseudomonas
3 3 3 as Pseudo-
monas
3 3 implied + +
50 Burkholderia pseudomallei was Pseudomonas 2/3 3 3 3 as Pseudo-
monas
3 3 implied + +
51 Calymmatobacterium granulomatis






   
52 Campylobacter coli
2 2 2 2 implied 2 2 implied + +
53 Campylobacter fetus subsp fetus 2 ssp fetus 2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
54 Campylobacter jejuni
2 2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
55 Campylobacter spp
2 implied see spp 2 2 2 2 + +
56 Campylobacter sputorum


2 (all spp) 2 implied
2 implied +  
57 Capnocytophaga spp





2 +  
58 Cardiobacterum hominis



2 2 2 +  
59 Chlamydia pneumoniae

2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
60 Chlamydia psittaci avian strains, 3 2 2 2, non-avian
3, avian
2 (3 avian spp) 2, non-avian 3, avian 3, avian + +
61 Chlamydia spp C. pneumoniae*, EU=2, Belgium=2 see 2 spp see 3 spp see 2 spp see 3 spp
2 +  
62 Chlamydia trachomatis lymphogranuloma venereum agent 2 2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
63 Citrobacter spp




OP 2 +  
64 Clostridium botulinum
2 V/3 2 2 2, T 2 2 G,S + +
65 Clostridium chauvoei

2 2 2 implied 3 2 implied   +
66 Clostridium difficile


2 2 implied
2 implied +  
67 Clostridium equi



2 implied
2 implied   +
68 Clostridium haemolyticum

2 2 2 implied 2 2 implied   +
69 Clostridium histolyticum

2 2 2 implied
2 implied +  
70 Clostridium novyi

2 2 2 implied 2 2 implied   +
71 Clostridium perfringens


2 2 2 2 implied + +
72 Clostridium septicum

2 2 2 implied 3 2 implied   +
73 Clostridium sordelli


2 2 implied 2 2 implied   +
74 Clostridium spp

2 see spp 2 2 2    
75 Clostridium tetani
2 V 2 2 2, T,V 2 2 ,V + +
76 Corynebacterium bovis



2 2
  +
77 Corynebacterium diphtheriae
2 V 2 2 2, T,V 2 2,V +  
78 Corynebacterium matruchotii





2    
79 Corynebacterium minutissimum



2 2 2 +  
80 Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

2 2 2 2 2 + +
81 Corynebacterium renale

2
2 implied 2
  +
82 Corynebacterium spp

see 3 species listed see 4 spp 2 2
+  
83 Corynebacterium ulcerans



2 implied
2    
84 Coxiella burnetii
3 3 3 3 3 3,V    
85 Dermatophilus congolensis

2

2 human, 3 animal 2 + +
86 Edwardsiella tarda

2 2 2 2 human, 3 animal 2 + +
87 Eikenella corrodens



2 2 2 +  
88 Enterobacter aerogenes/cloacae



2 2 2 implied +  
89 Enterobacter spp.



2 2 2 +  
90 Enterococcus spp (Streptococcus faecalis)


2 2 2 + +
91 Erlichia sennetsu (Rickettsia)


2

   
92 Erlichia spp



2

   
93 Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae was spp insidiosa
2 2 (insidiosa) 2 2 2 implied + +
94 Erysipelothrix spp.





2    
95 Escherichia coli (pathogenic strains)
2 2 (et, inv,
hemor strains)
2 2 2    
96 Escherichia coli K12 genetically crippled
1
1

   
97 Flavobacterium meningosepticum



2
2 implied +  
98 Flavobacterium spp





2    
99 Fluoribacter bozemanae was Legionella


2 2
+  
100 Francisella novocida


2


+  
101 Francisella tularensis Type A 3 V 3 3 (Type A,
biovar tularensis)
3 3 3 + +
102 Francisella tularensis Type B 2 V
2 (Type B,
biovar palaearctica)
2 2 2 + +
103 Fusobacterium necrophorum


2 2 2 2 implied + +
104 Fusobacterium spp





2    
105 Gardnerella vaginalis



2 2
+  
106 Haemophilus ducreyi

2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
107 Haemophilus influenzae

2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
108 Haemophilus spp

see 2 spp see spp 2 2 2 + +
109 Hartmanella spp






   
110 Helicobacter pylori was genus Campylobacter
2 2 2 2
+  
111 Herellea vaginicola see Actinetobacter baumannii





   
112 Kingella kingae




OP 2 +  
113 Klebsiella oxytoca

1
2 2 2 implied +  
114 Klebsiella pneumoniae

2 implied
2 2 2 implied + +
115 Klebsiella spp

2
2 2 2 + +
116 Lactobacillus spp

1



   
117 Legionella pneumophila
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2 implied + +
118 Legionella spp
2 2 2 2 2 2 +  
119 Legionella-like organisms

2
2 implied


   
120 Leptospira interrogans all serotypes (icterohemorragiae) 2 2 2 (all serovars) 2, all serovars 2 human, 3 animal 2, E + +
121 Listeria ivanovii

2 implied
2 2
+ +
122 Listeria monocytogenes

2 implied 2 2 2 2 + +
123 Listeria spp

2
2 species listed

   
124 Mima polymorpha Acinetobacter lwoffi





   
125 Moraxella spp

2

2 2 + +
126 Morganella morganii



2 2
+ +
127 Mycobacterium africanum

2 implied 2 implied 3, V * 3 2,CGVT implied + +
128 Mycobacterium asiaticum
2 2 2 implied
2 2,CGVT implied + +
129 Mycobacterium avium-intracelluare (avium in Canada) 2 2 2 implied 2 2 human, 3 animal 2,CGVT implied + +
1300 Mycobacterium bovis BCG is 2 3 3 3 (2, BCG) 3 (2 BCG), V* 3 2,CGVT implied + +
131 Mycobacterium chelonei EU chelonae 2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied + +
132 Mycobacterium fortuitum
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied + +
133 Mycobacterium kansasii
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied +  
134 Mycobacterium leprae
2 2 2 implied 3 3 2,CGVT implied +  
135 Mycobacterium malmoense
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied +  
136 Mycobacterium marinum
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied + +
137 Mycobacterium microti

2 implied 2 implied 3 (*) 3 (*) 2,CGVT implied +  
138 Mycobacterium paratuberculosis Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis 2 2 2 implied 2 2 human, 3 animal 2,CGVT implied + +
139 Mycobacterium scrofulaceum
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied +  
140 Mycobacterium simiae
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied + +
141 Mycobacterium spp except. MDR M.tb complex see spp 2 unless listed as 3 2 , except
3 listed
see sp listed see species listed 2,CGVT    
142 Mycobacterium szulgai
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied +  
143 Mycobacterium tuberculosis 3, V,T for multiply resistant 3 3 3 3, V 3 2,CGVT implied    
144 Mycobacterium ulcerans
2 2 2 implied 3 (*) 3 (*) 2,CGVT implied + +
145 Mycobacterium xenopi
2 2 2 implied 2 2 2,CGVT implied + +
146 Mycoplasma hominis

2 implied 2
2
+  
147 Mycoplasma mycoides

Restricted AP

3 subsp. capri, 4 subsp. Mycoides
  +
148 Mycoplasma pneumoniae

2 implied 2 2 2 2 +  
149 Mycoplasma agalactiae

Restricted AP

3
  +
150 Mycoplasma spp

2, except M. mycoides, M agalactiae see sp
2 see species listed see sp +  
151 Neisseria gonorrhoeae
2 (BSC) 2 2 2 2
+  
152 Neisseria meningitidis
2 (BSC) 2 2 2, V 2
+  
153 Neisseria spp
see species listed see species listed see spp see spp 2 2 + +
154 Nocardia asteroides

2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
155 Nocardia brasiliensis

2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
156 Nocardia caviae





2 implied    
157 Nocardia farcinica



2 2 2 implied + +
158 Nocardia nova



2 2 2 implied +  
159 Nocardia spp

see species listed see spp see spp
2 +  
160 Nocardia transvalensis

2



   
161 Nocarida otitidis-caviarum EU-otitidiscaviarum
2
2 2
+  
162 Pasteurella haemolytica

2 implied 2 implied 2 implied 3 2 implied   +
163 Pasteurella multocida

3 3,Type B;
2 implied other types.
2 2 human, 3 animal 2 implied + +
164 Pasteurella pneumotropica


2 implied 2 implied
2 implied    
165 Pasteurella spp type B, "buffalo", other virulent strains
2, except those listed as 3 2 2 2 2 + +
166 Peptostreptococcus anaerobius



2 2
+  
167 Plesiomonas shigelloides



2 2 2 + +
168 Porphyromonas spp



2 2
+ +
169 Prevotella spp



2 2
+  
170 Proteus mirabilis



2 2 2 implied +  
171 Proteus penneri



2 2 2 implied +  
172 Proteus spp.



see sp listed 2 2 +  
173 Proteus vulgaris



2 2 2 implied +  
174 Providencia alcalifaciens



2 2 2 implied +  
175 Providencia rettgeri



2 2 2 implied +  
176 Providencia spp



2 2 2 +  
177 Pseudomonas aeruginosa

2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
178 Pseudomonas spp except P. mallei, Burholderia maiiei




2    
179 Rhodococcus equi

2
2 2 2 + +
180 Rickettsia (vole)

2 3 implied


   
181 Rickettsia akari
3 3 3 implied 3 (*) 3 (*) 3 implied + +
182 Rickettsia australis
3 3 3 implied

3 implied +  
183 Rickettsia canada
3 3 3 implied 3 (*) 3 (*) 3 implied +  
184 Rickettsia conorii
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied + +
185 Rickettsia montana


3 implied 3 (*) 3 (*) 3 implied +  
186 Rickettsia mooseri see R. typhi

3 implied 3
3 implied    
187 Rickettsia parkeri


3 implied

3 implied    
188 Rickettsia prowazekii
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied +  
189 Rickettsia rhipicephali


3 implied

3 implied +  
190 Rickettsia rickettsii
3 3 3 implied 3 3 3 implied + +
191 Rickettsia sennetsu see Bartonella

3 implied

3 implied    
192 Rickettsia sibirica
3 3 3 implied

3 implied    
193 Rickettsia spp

3 (except vole, 2) 3 2 2 3 + +
194 Rickettsia tsutsugamushi
3 3 3 implied 3 3
+ +
195 Rickettsia typhi (mooseri)

3 3 implied 3,
(mooseri)
3
+ +
196 Salmonella arizonae

2 2, S. enterica serovar arizonae (Arizona
hinshawii)
2 2 2 implied + +
197 Salmonella cholerasuis

2 2, S. enterica.
2, S. enterica 2 implied + +
198 Salmonella enteritidis

2 2 S. enterica ? 2 2 2 implied + +
199 Salmonella gallinarum-pullorum

2 2, S. enterica
ser. gallinarum-
pullorum

2 human, 3 animal 2 implied + +
200 Salmonella meleagridis

2 2, S. enterica ser. meleagridis

2 implied    
201 Salmonella paratyphi,A,B,C A, B, C
2 2, S. enterica ser paratyphi B, Schottmulleri 2, V 2 2 implied +  
202 Salmonella spp all spp and serotypes/ serovars see 1 species listed 2 2, see spp 2 see spp 2 2 + +
203 Salmonella typhi
2 V, 3 2 2, S.enterica ser.typhi 3, V(')* 3 (*) 2 G,V +  
204 Salmonella typhimurium

2 2, S. enterica ser typhimurium 2 2 2 implied + +
205 Serpulina spp



2 2
+ +
206 Serratia marcescens




OP 2 +  
207 Serretia liquefaciens





2    
208 Shigella boydii
2 implied 2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
209 Shigella dysenteriae Type 1 2 implied 2 2 3, T (*) 3 (*) 2 implied +  
210 Shigella flexneri
2 2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
211 Shigella sonnei
2 implied 2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
212 Shigella spp.
2 2 See 4 spp See sp listed
2    
213 Sphaerophorus necrophorus

2



   
214 Staphylococcus aureus

2 2 2 2 2 + +
215 Staphylococcus epidermidis




2
  +
216 Streptobacillus moniliformis

2 2 2 2 2 + +
217 Streptobacillus spp

see species listed see 1 spp see 1 spp listed see species listed
+  
218 Streptococcus agalactiae

2 implied 2, Grp B of Grps A-G 2 implied 2 2 implied + +
219 Streptococcus pneumoniae

2 2 implied 2 2 2 implied +  
220 Streptococcus pyogenes Canada Lancefield Groups A-D, G
2 2 implied 2 2 2 implied +  
221 Streptococcus spp. see also Enterococcus spp
2 2, Grps A,B,C,D,G 2 2 2 + +
222 Streptococcus suis



2 2
+ +
223 Treponema carateum

2 2 2 2
+  
224 Treponema pallidum
2 2 2 2 2 2, G,E +  
225 Treponema pertenue


2 2 2 2, G,E +  
226 Treponema spp

see 2 species listed see spp 2 2
+ +
227 Treponema vincentii


2
2
+  
228 Ureaplasma urealyticum


2
2
+ +
229 Vibrio cholerae including El Tor(EU, Belgium) 2 2 2, incl El Tor 2 2 2 implied +  
230 Vibrio parahaemolyticus
2 2 2 2 2 2 implied +  
231 Vibrio spp
see 2 spp see 3 species listed see 2 spp 2 2 2 + +
232 Vibrio vulnificus

2 2 2 implied 2 2 implied + +
233 Yersinia enterocolitica

2 2 2 2 2 implied + +
234 Yersinia pestis
2 V, 3 aerosols and antibiotic resistant strains 3 3 3, V 3 3 + +
235 Yersinia pseudotuberculosis


2 2 2 2 implied + +
236 Yersinia spp except Y. pestis see 1 spp see 2 species listed see 3 spp 2 2 2 +  
237








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(*) EU May present a limited risk of infection for workers because they are not normally infectious by air-borne route. Member States shall assess the containment measures to be applied to such agents taking account of the nature of specific activities in question and of the quantity of the agent involved, with a view to determining whether, in particular circumstances, some of these measures may be dispensed with.
(*) Belgium May present a limited risk of infection for workers because they are not normally infectious by air-borne route.
OP Opportunistic Pathogen
V Vaccine available
T Toxin produced
AP Animal Pathogen
HP Human Pathogen


Revised: 11/02/99
© 1998, American Biological Safety Association